Make Money While Staying At Home!


Wednesday, July 29, 2009

Try A Relaxing Spa In The Sea!

Traveling Europe is one of my dreams and the exact country that I want to visit is France. As a tourist, I can name a few top France destinations that I want to check out. My Alma Mater, Notre Dame De Paris Cathedral, Eiffel Tower and the Louvre Museum.

I also want to pamper myself with the Thalasso therapy in Thalasso Bretagne. By the way, Thalasso means "the sea". It would be very relaxing to try a spa in the sea. They also have branches in Thalasso Douarnenez and Thalasso Roscoff.

So, if you are planning to travel France, better yet try the Thalasso therapy that I am talking about.


Tuesday, July 28, 2009

The Prayer


Dear Jesus,

Thank you for the gift of life, and for the blessing to be among those who know that you are the son of God.

Thank you for the gift of sight that let me see the wondrous things You made, and for my soul to help me see beyond my sight.

Thank you for all the things and especially my heart which You placed magnetic seeds of seeds of grace that draw me forever to Your LOVE.

I know You hold me forever in the palm of Your hand and shield me with Your Holy Place. Yet as years pass by, Lord, I fear the yoke of sickness and pain and worry how my life will end.

And so I humbly come to ask You, Lord, that when my time comes to leave here below, do not call me by sudden death, not by accident that tears the body apart, not by illness that leaves the mind confused or the senses impaired; not at the mercy of evil forces, not with a heart filled with hate or a body racked with pain; not abandoned; lonely, without love or care, not by my own hand in a moment of despair.

Jesus, let death come as a gentle friend to sit and linger with me until You call my name.

Then let me enter Your Heavenly Home to receive Your final gift of grace to be near You forever and look upon the divine countenance on your Holy Face.


Ate Vilma, thank you so much sa prayer na gihatag nimo. Take care always Te and Vyne! We are so happy to have you as our closest friends sa blog and in person. See yah soon again! hehehe..hugssssss


Toothy Fruity Smells of Hot Tub Chemicals!

I am so excited when my sister Rosilie told me that this coming weekend we will go to a spa. I was not able to sleep well because I was imagining soaking my body to a hot tub with those toothy fruity smells of hot tub chemicals.

I really miss going to the spa. I remember my friend and I usually go to the spa every month during our pay day. It is our way of treating ourselves by working 16 long hours a day. I wonder how much it will cost me to have my own spa at home. Anyway, the hot tub supplies can be purchased online!


Pictures To Look Back!

July is almost over but I haven't posted all the pictures I have during my birthday.
I have posted them somewhere else but not here! lolz
David Funk used one of my pic for the BWE July issue.
This picture was taken at JR Photo Lab.

I am really fond of taking pictures of myself, baby, family and friends.
It makes me feel good to look back to the past.
Reminiscing the memories, its either good or bad.
With this picture, all I can do now is laugh!
It is me, 30, broken hearted and cry baby!!


We Purchased Diesel Parts Online!

Few days ago, my sister and I had an appointment with the leasing department of Robinson's Mall. It was a huge meeting for us since it will be regarding the space that we are planning to get. The weather was so hot and so I asked my brother-in-law to put on the Air condition on but it's not working.

We usually go out using our family van but the A/C didn't fail. We really had a terrible day that time. We went to the venue with no A/C on, my make-up was melting and it was driving me crazy! So, after the meeting, I asked my sister to have cold drinks.

After they checked the van, they said we need to change the a/c compressor. We are so lucky to be able to purchased diesel parts online. The parents of my brother-in-law will ship the diesel parts to us. By the way, they offer the lowest price on a/c compressor, condenser, drier, air conditioning compressor and more. The auto air conditioning compressor is an important part of the car and we have you covered.


Monday, July 27, 2009

Blog Quiz @ Angie's Site!

Lets101 Quizzes - blog quizzes

I feel like crashin' when I reach home today.

I am so tired that I feel like sleeping but I can't.

I went to the store early today but I didn't do anything

but read the story NEW MOON in my notebook.

My eyes hurt and i'm having a terrible headache.

I am lazy to update my site and so I visit the site of my friend ANGIE and found this blog quiz. See? I am really bored that I even managed to do this quiz. sigh!!!

Angieeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee, lets go out and have hopping maybe or island hopping....what you think?


Saturday, July 25, 2009

Cold Drinks For Me!!!

After our meeting with the leasing department of Robinson's mall yesterday,
my sister Rosilie invited me at Cookie Factory.
It is restaurant that serves breakfast, lunch, dinner and even snacks.
My sister had a snacks and I ordered myself a mixed seafood's
together with a cold and icy San Miguel Light with coke...lolz

Gulp gulp gulp gulp...


Friday, July 24, 2009

I Need Help With My WP Account!

Friends, I need help with my WP account. Vogue Pret-a-Porter is my new site at WP but I am not really familiar with the tools! Actually the entire page is confusing me! huhuhu

I have tried editing the first post but its keep coming back and my second post its not even showing! Help me please!


If You Were On My Shoe!

Someone commented that I might have long toes. Yes, I have long toes. Actually, it is size 9 for local brands but if it's American brand, the sizing of my toes is between 8 to 8 1/2. I have a big foot right?! Most people will consider me as a dominant person due to the long size of my toes. And without father ado, I really love shoes. I cannot count how many shoes I have from the past to present, I have given away most of them. So, you see I am somewhat alike with Imelda Marcos who loves collecting shoes.

When I was in college, I started looking at more variety of shoes. So, I went searching and found these lovelies shoe shopping guide online. I was convinced that this fabulous shoe place would surely match my finer taste when it comes to shoes. Right now, I have a couple of Wedding Shoes, one Sneaker which is a Chuck Taylor All-star and one local brand of Running Shoes. I have indulged myself in running lately so, I really need a good pair of running shoes.

Almost every weekend, my family went to the plaza for biking and jogging. We have two mountain bike and one BMX bike. So, aside from running, I joined my sisters in their biking session every Sunday morning. I have come to love the idea of biking in the plaza, with my biking gears, matching a perfect outfit and I feel amazingly sexy in my Bike Shoes. Now, I am thinking of Golf Shoes! I am such a shoe addict!


I'm Fallin'....

My sister and I went to the Robinsons Mall for the 4pm meeting.
I brought some items with me for evaluation and
I happen to see this shoes...can't help but fall for this maroon heels.
As expected, the ladies who met us was also in love with this shoes...lolz
So, after the meeting i decided to keep it.
I will save money and buy this later.

This black pump was hidden by my sister.hehehe
Too bad I was not able to take a pic on the side ways it's beautiful.


Thursday, July 23, 2009

My New Web Hosting Provider!

It is not easy to manage four blogs and two of them are under the same web host provider. Couple of months ago, I have been complaining with my first web host provider because of the low quality of service. So, I decided to change my old provider to a new web hosting provider.

I am so happy and satisfied with the service of the new web host provider. They offer free hosting, Unlimited Cheap Web Hosting, reseller hosting, vps hosting and dedicated hosting. Their free hosting does not have Banner ads and it’s absolutely free! No hidden charges unlike other web hosting provider.

The good thing about them is that they guarantee 99.99% uptime and NO DOWNTIME AT ALL. They accept payment like: major credit card, Google checkout and PayPal. I use my PayPal for payment. So, if you are looking for a new web hosting provider, take a look at


We Are Craving For Salad!

Rose smiling..

My nanay looking at the saladsssssss...

Last night was crazy! Instead of going home straight because it was almost 7:30PM, Nanay, Kuya Jhonel, Rosilie and I went to Gaisano Mall to eat salad!
We all had Macaroni Salad from Salad Creations.
This is just a small food cart booth inside the Gaisano food court.


Start Planning Your Christmas Holidays!

I know it is too early to talk about Christmas but I just can't wait for the Christmas Holidays. From the twelve months of the year, December is my most awaited month because of the Christmas holidays.

Christmas is celebrated differently by the various countries and cultures of the world. Here in our country, Christmas is most loved by the kids and even families. It is time for gift giving and it is the perfect time to take a break from work, bad weathers and other circumstances. Based on my experienced, our Christmas holidays are usually celebrated at home with family and friends. But for some, it is vacation time and traveling to beaches is the most sought vacation in UK.

During this contrast time in the weather of UK, Christmas Holidays in the beach is warmer during Christmas or New Year's. It is also considered by British as the best use a limited number of days of annual leave from work.

So, if you are planning to take a break during your Christmas Holidays better yet start searching for the best resorts you like. As for me, I already have plans for this coming Christmas Holidays and for sure white sand beaches are on my list.


Thank You Ate Jinky!!!

Last July 18 was my 30'th birthday and I was surprised when Ate Jinky of Small Steps by Jinky drop by to our boutique and gave me this present.
My sister and I met her last year during our Christmas celebration with other fellow gensan bloggers. It was an honor to met a wonderful couple like them!

Ate Jinky and Kuya Arnel, thank you so much for the birthday cake that you gave me.
By the way, I would like to sa thank you to all my friends who greeted me during my b-day!


E Cigarette Is Your Innovative Smoking Alternative!

Do you have any idea how hard is it for me to quit from smoking? I bet you don't know and you will never understand if you don't actually smoke! I know what you are thinking but okay, I smoke! I am just a normal person that smokes and drink but I have been seriously smoking when I was working at night as a call center agent. It eases my tension and fear from loud and angry callers.

I finally decided to quit smoking when I had my child Ziggy. But lately, I am tempted to try it again because of depression! It made me think twice, if I smoke again, what will happen to my "health conscious" plan! Luckily, I found the answer to my question and I was relieved that I can smoke again that I don't have to worry about my health.

Confuse? I happen to visit a site about e cigarette and I found out that this e cigarette is Cigarti electronic cigarettes have the same look and feel of classic cigarettes and yet it do not contain any of the dangerous cancer causing agents that traditional tobacco cigarettes have. All Cigarti users inhale clean water vapor and nicotine but without tobacco, tar, and carcinogens.

The Cigarti electronic cigarettes produce a vapor mist that looks like real smoke, but actually it isn’t. It is free from tar, carbon monoxide, smoke, and 400 other hazardous substances found in traditional tobacco cigarettes.

This Electronic Smoking provides a stylish, convenient and economical alternative to tobacco cigarettes that gives you many benefits. And what makes Cigarti electronic cigarettes far different from the traditional cigarettes? The long life of the batteries, the excellent quality of products, and the one year guarantee on any item you buy from them. Now, imagine smoking in the comfort of your own home without the worry of second hand smoke being passed on to your loved ones.

By the way, don't think that this electronic cigarette is a tool to quit from smoking because it is not. This is not also intended to help you stop smoking but this is innovative smoking alternative where you still get your dose of nicotine, enjoy the different flavors, express yourself with a wide range of skins and designs, eliminate second hand smoke, and have fun in the process.

So if you are looking for a cleaner and more socially acceptable alternative to smoking? Look no further. Cigarti™. My life. My choice. My Cigarti™.


Wednesday, July 22, 2009

Heart Breaking Stories From Chicken Soup!

Due to traumatic depression I have been experiencing lately, I am so lazy to update this site. I am always late in going to the boutique. I missed a lot of gatherings and even the concert of Side A that I have been waiting for months; I decided not to watch it! Call me crazy if you want but sometimes I just don't feel like talking to anyone/somebody!

Sigh! Right now, I just want to devote myself in reading this book. I always carry it in my body bag! I don't know if this book helps but some stories are really heart breaking that stories that I always end up crying. But somehow, I learn from their stories.

"To be nobody but yourself in a world that's doing its best to make you somebody else is to fight the hardest battle you are ever going to fight. Never stop fighting." by e.e. cummings!


Tuesday, July 21, 2009

Girl's Night Out: B-day Celebration of Star!

I went out last night with my fellow bloggers/friends.
It was the birthday celebration of Star actually.
We had dinner at Grab a Crab.
Below are our perky pics with Twinks, Star and Lainy. the coffee and Twinks is the milk...hehehe

Me, Twinks, Star and Lainy @ cassado billiard bar.

Ate Vilma eating her chicken wings...with Lainy..

@ grab a crab: Twinks and Star

Closer look...hehehe

Lainy and Me...

B-day Girl...

Happy b-day ate Vilma..

Dinner Time....hehehe

Wahhhhhhh...look at me, im so tanned...
Me as the coffee and the 3 ladies are the creamer...hehehe

Happy b-day ate vilma.
May you have more birthdays to come.
God bless you and your family..


Sunday, July 19, 2009

Stay Young and Beautiful with Botox Injections!

Now that I reach the age of thirty, I have to admit that I am getting older. I know it's just a number but I worry most is my wrinkles. I bet you also worry about those lines on your forehead but there is an answer to that worries. The Botox injections, actually, Botox is a product name of a cosmetic and it is the trademark for a preparation of botulinum toxin, used to treat blepharospasms, strabismus, and muscle dystonias and to smooth facial wrinkles.

Wrinkles or commonly known as glabellar lines that appears after years of expressing normal emotion through furrowing of the brow. You can take a look at your forehead, if you can see those lines; I think you need to slow down! Stress free and stop worrying!

But anyway, as I made some thorough readings, when Botox is injected into a face muscle, it blocks signals from the nerves to the muscles. It simply means that it froze your muscle and will no longer contract, with that, the wrinkles will be relax and soften.

Well, now that I am thirty, I think I should start thinking of fighting these lines around my eyes and my face. If you are interested with this kind of treatment, better yet had it with a licensed physician. The entire procedure is generally completed in 10 to 15 minutes, with little to no discomfort. They will inject tiny doses of BOTOX Cosmetic into the affected regions and patients are able to resume normal activity immediately following the injections.

So, if you want to stay young and beautiful, start thinking about Botox injections.


Friday, July 17, 2009

Happy Birthday To Me: Thirty and Flirty

Taken when I was 21 years old!

When I was 26!

@ 28

When I was 29 years old!

Hahaha. This is me, Thirty and flirty! lolz


And The Winners Are....

First and foremost, we would like to say thank you to all the sponsors who made this contest possible. To all the contestants who take part of this blog slogan contest, thank you so much. The four major prizes were decided by the judges. The rest of the freebies and EC was decided by me as my way of thanking the contestant for their wonderful entries.

To the judges Fe of Femikey Designs and ROSE of Designs and Scrap LO ,
daghang salamat jud sa support!

First Prize: Phebie

$5 ---- Anne Bianca of My Little Home
$5 ---- Maxi of Ovah' Coffe ( she's on a vacation right now ) Claimed it when she gets back!
1 Year FREE Domain or
$10 cash equivalent if you don't need a domain
---- Lainy of Lainy's Musings
Blog Make Over ---- Rose of Designs and Scrap LO
5000 EC --- Dhemz of My Life's Perception & Inspiration
1000 EC --- Mary Anne of Mary Anne's Musing
5000 EC ---- Twerlyn of Stay in Love
1000 EC ----- Lainy of Our Journey to Forever
1000 EC ----- Lainy of The Certified Fashionable Chic
1000 EC ---- Mys of Thoughts and Obsessions
1000 EC ---- Mys of Just Keep Trying
1000 EC ---- Budiawan Hutasoit of Small Note
2000 EC ---- Shimumsy/Alf of My Careless Whispers
3000 EC ---- Genejosh of Her and History
One month 468 x 60 top banner ad on her PR3 blog --- Maxi of Health and Beyond
Winner(s) of our contest will have their entry inducted into the WBE Blog of Fame--- Mr. D of Basic Bloganomics
125x125 ad space for 2 month - Sherry of Joyful Teary Zone
125x125 ad space for 2 month - Sherry of Catch Up Giveaway
125x125 ad space for 1 month ---- Lainy of Kuerdas
125x125 ad space for 1 month - Sherry of lurveverything
125x125 ad space for 1 month - Sherry of NameSherry
1 month Text link ad at PR3 --- Jade of Momma Wannabe

Surprise Freebie from ME...
Twilight E-book

Second Prize: Genejosh

$5 ---- Shelo of Mi Mundo Del Amor
$5 ---- Jade of The Pinay Blogger
5GB WEbHosting ------
Blog Make Over ---- Twinks of Twinkletoe Writing Space
2000 EC ----- Kirhat of Seek No More
1500 EC ------ Kirhat of Nesting Buddy

1000 EC --- Rosemarie of All About my Life
1000 EC --- Rosemarie of The Journey of My Life
1000 EC --- DJTammy of Anything Under the Sun
2000 EC ---- Genejosh of Our Adventure Together
1000 EC ---- Chuchie of Where Abouts
2000 EC ----- Chuchie of Chuchie's Hideaway
1000 EC ---- Star of A Maiden's Testimony
1000 EC ---- Nedekcir of Girls are made of Sugar and Spice
1000 EC ---- Nedekcir of Everything has a Reason
1000 EC ---- Nedekcir of In My Kitchen
1000 EC ---- Nedekcir of In the Life of Mine
1000 EC ---- Twinks of Twinkletoe Writing Space
500 EC ----- Divya Sai of Blogger Templates Widgets
125x125 ad space for 2 month - Sherry of My Mom's Best
125x125 ad space for 2 month - Sherry of Hotels For All
125x125 ad space for 1 month - Sherry of Sherry Rambling
125x125 ad space for one month ----- Dianne of
125x125 ad space ---Mr. D of Basic Bloganomics
Winner(s) of our contest will have their entry inducted into the WBE Blog of Fame--- Mr. D of Basic Bloganomics
One month 468 x 60 top banner ad ---- Tammy of Forgetful Princess
1 month ad in PR 4 ---- Jena Isle of Random Thoughts
Twilight E-book from ME...

Third Prize: Angie
Contestant doesn't have EC and so we decided to make it as freebies.

$5 ---- DJTammy of Anything Under The Sun
$5 ---- Rosilie of Rosilie:My Blog
Free Sub Domain Hosting ---- Mys of Keeps Trying Info
Blog Make Over ---- Fe of Femikey Designs
125x125 space ad for 1 month ---- Elai of Elai's Haven
125x125 ad space for 2 month - Sherry of Wishing Her
125x125 ad space for 1 month - Sherry of Shopping
125x125 ad space for 1 month - Sherry of Heart Random
125x125 ad space for 1 month - Sherry of isherrygo
Winner(s) of our contest will have their entry inducted into the WBE Blog of Fame--- Mr. D of Basic Bloganomics
Twilight E-book from ME...

Fourth Prize: Chuchie

$5 - Jade of
$5 ----Twerlyn of Happy Family
Blog Make Over- Rosa of Rosa Love's
500 EC - Cacai of Cacai's Step and Journey
500 EC - NovaS of History of SuperNova and SweetPair
500 EC - NovaS of ANGELS in my Life
1000 EC ---- Bill of My Piece of Paradise
1000 EC ---- Mommy Elvz of I Luv Give Aways
500 EC ------Mommy Elvz of Straight from the Heart
500 EC ----- Mommy Elvz of Musings of a Pinay Working Mom
500 EC ------Mommy Elvz of Mighty in Spirit
1000 EC- Jade of Chica Chica
1000 EC - Jade of Health and Beauty Diva
1000 EC- Jade of Diva Fabulosa
1000 EC -From Twins Happiness
1000 EC - Rosilie of Limitless Adventure
1000 EC- Sherry of iLUVcontest
1000 EC ----- QC of The Dream Catcher
1000 EC ---- Jena Isle of Random Thoughts
125x125 ad space for 1 month- Chuchie's Hideaway
125x125 1 month space-NovaS of History of SuperNova and SweetPair
125x125 1 month space- NovaS of ANGELS in my Life
125x125 ad space for 1 month- Novas of Spices of Life
125 x 125 free ad for 2 months- Angie R of Hot In Singapore
T-shirt Freebie---- Ate Eden of Moments to Remember - PI Winner
Twilight E-book from ME...

Freebie: Lito

Gift Certificate for FREE FACIAL----Donna Mae of Envy Me Salon - GENSAN

Freebie: Laine

Freebie from ME...Sent!
1000 EC ---- Lee Hsien Loong of Eastcostlife
1000 EC ---- Rare Jon Rez of My Written xPressions
1000 EC ---- Melody of Life Marriage and Kids
1000 EC ---- Melody of Mama's Sanity

Freebie: Mommy Sweet Shelo

Freebie from ME...Surprise :-)
1000 EC ---- Rosa of Rosa's Love
1000 EC ---- Rosa of Journey
1000 EC ---- Rosa of Pinay Mama Blog

Freebie: Sherry

$5 from Me...
500 EC ---- Elai of Elai's Haven

2000 EC ----- Sudha of Sudhersana
500 EC ------SunEGrl of Low Carb Weigh of Life
500 EC ------ SunEGrl of Made In The USA
1000 EC ----- SunEGrl of SunEGrl Loves to Shop
1000 EC - Chuchie of Three Chies' Trends
1000 EC - Chuchie of Scrap Collection

Freebie: Mys

5000 EC from DJTammy



Tenth Photo Tag from Ate Mary Anne!

I received this tag from Ate Mary Anne of Mary Anne's Musings!
Since, I don't feel like going out, I decided to do my task. hehehe
By the way, tonight is the concert of Side A...

  • Show your readers the tenth photo you find on your photo file folder.

Anyway, I have a lot of folders in my desktop but when I click the Tammy folder, I found this 1oth photo of me and a DJ from NY. This photo was made as a CD cover (i think) for the matters of the heart show on radio in Manila....lolz

I would like to tag YOU....


Friendship Chain Tag From Jodi!

I would like to say thank you to Sis Jodi for giving me this Friendship Chain tag.

This is the easy way and the fastest way to :

1. Make your Authority Technorati explode.

2. Increase your Google Page Rank.

3. Get more traffic to your blog.

4. Makes more new friends.

Rules :

1. Start copy from “Begin Copy” until “End Copy” to your blog.

2. Put your own blog name and link.

3. Tag your friends as much as you can.

1.Picturing of Life 2. Juliana’s Site 3. Hazel-My Life, My Hope, My Future.4. Jeanne-The Callalily Space5.My Family is my Life 6. The Simple Life of a Baghag 7. On A Wonderful Day Like Today 8. House Everything 9. The Creativity in Me 10. Travel and Photography 11. Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow 12. You Are My Sunshine 13.Song to Remember 14. Super Blog 15. Philiippine Tv Marathon 16.Simply Blue 17. Breaking the Boundaries 18. Top Five 19. A Simple Life 20. Simple Happy Life 21. A Great Pleasure 22. Glossa~licious 23. Time Goes By 24. Sweet Nothings 25.Thoughts & Obsessions 26. Laine's Abode 27.Values, Reviews and Business
28. Anything Under The Sun

~~End Copy~~

I would like to pass this tag to Angie, David, Bill, Rose, Rosemarie and to YOU....


Thursday, July 16, 2009

Award from Mr. D

I am full of awards again from David of Basic Bloganomics.
D, thank you so much for always including me in the list. hehehehe
I hope this is not late!

Looks like my friends already have these awards, so, I will let YOU grab this award.


Is This Your Father?

You might be wondering who is he and why is he holding an Air 21 package.
Does he look familiar to you?
If you know this man or if this is your father then you are one
of the lucky winners in our blog slogan contest.

I was thinking of sending this package today but luckily this man is here in Gensan attending the 7th Vegetables Congress.
The content is a big surprised to the winner.
I hope she likes it.
I inserted one give away to her friend who is one of the contestant also.

Girls, congrats!! Thank you so much for your support.

The winners will be announce on my birthday.


Thank You To Sir Michael Wee!

My sister and I would like to extend our heartfelt thank you to the sponsors of the SEO contest of Sir Avel of Bariles Republic. We are both holding our free tickets for the concert of Side A Band tomorrow 8pm.

My sister won 2 VIP tickets and a gift certificate worth of php 1000 to dine at Grab a Crab Restaurant and Coffee Club 101.

To sir Michael Wee, thank you so much sir for making this concert possible and giving us the chance to meet Side A members tomorrow...hehehe

Rose and I

Nanay, Ziggy and me ( tired! )

Looks like I will be celebrating my 30'th birthday st Grab a Crab this coming Saturday...hehehe


More Pics With Angie :-)

More pics with Angie.
hehehe.We just love to pose :-)
Thank you miga...


Wednesday, July 15, 2009

Your Best Choice for Your Satellite TV Provider!

Are you fond of watching TV shows on your satellite TV? If you do, I have great news to you. Did you know that you don't have to bury yourself looking for best satellite TV provider in yellow pages? You can actually find them in the tips of your fingers.

You can take a look at Kaptain Satellite, this company offers a comparison shopping resource to find and compare the best Directv and Dish Network retailers in your place. You will have the chance to compare Directv vs. Dish and they have a wide selection of your favorite programs.If you have doubt, you can take a look at Dish Network Questions to answer all your queries.


Cute Little Things!

This picture was taken yesterday when we have lunch at Bigdy's Restaurant.
The things on the wall caught my attention
and I took a picture of this little doll.
They look so cute but I don't know what is the name and where it came from.